Privacy Resources

The below list are the recommendations for privacy-focused services by Dan. This list is not exhaustive, but rather Dan’s personal recommendations that he has tried and trusted.

Click a section below to expand.

Search Engines

StartPage is a search engine that provides Google search results with complete privacy protection. Startpage BV is a Netherlands-based company that has been dedicated to privacy-respecting search since 2006.


A search engine that does not track your searches.



Independent and unbiased search results with no user tracking.


An open source metasearch engine, aggregating the results of other search engines while not storing information about its users. No logs, no ads and no tracking.


Web Browsers

Desktop Browsers


One of the most popular browsers on the market is always thinking privacy first and offers an amazingly fast, reliable browser.



A Chromium-based browser that protects you from trackers, blocks unwanted ads, and puts you in control with unique built-in features.


Advanced Desktop Recommendation

Tor Browser

Tor Browser is your choice if you need an extra layer of anonymity. It's a modified version of Firefox ESR, which comes with pre-installed privacy add-ons, encryption, and an advanced proxy.


Mobile Browsers

Firefox Mobile

One of the most popular browsers on the market is always thinking privacy first and offers an amazingly fast, reliable browser. Firefox Mobile includes Tracking Protection which lets you select the blocklists Cookies, Tracking Content, Cryptominers, Fingerprinters and Redirect trackers.


Firefox Focus

Firefox Focus automatically blocks a wide range of online trackers — from the moment you launch it to the second you leave it. Easily erase your history, passwords and cookies, so you won’t get followed by things like unwanted ads.


Browser Extensions


uBlockOrigin is a general-purpose blocker, or most well known as an ad-blocker, though it does so much more. This is a must have on any browser.


Firefox Multi-Account Containers

Firefox Multi-Account Containers lets you keep parts of your online life separated into color-coded tabs that preserve your privacy. Cookies are separated by container, allowing you to use the web with multiple identities or accounts simultaneously.


Startpage Privacy Protection

Block unwanted trackers, cookies, and prevent finger printing with Startpage's Privacy Protection. The extension also reports website's privacy scoring so you know how safe the websites you are visiting are. Firefox extension is coming shortly.


Cookie AutoDelete

Automatically removes cookies when they are no longer used by open browser tabs. With the cookies, lingering sessions, as well as information used to spy on you, will be expunged.




Signal is a mobile app developed by Open Whisper Systems. The app provides instant messaging, as well as voice and video calling. All communications are end-to-end encrypted.



All-in-one secure chat app for teams, friends and organisations. Keeps conversations in your control, safe from data-mining and ads. Talk to everyone through the open global Matrix network, protected by proper end-to-end encryption.



Session is an end-to-end encrypted messenger that minimises sensitive metadata, designed and built for people who want absolute privacy and freedom from any form of surveillance.



Threema is serious about maintaining their user's security and privacy. Their messaging and voice calling are both end-to-end encrypted, and you can sign up anonymously without a phone number or email address. In addition to their robust security, you can also create polls, transfer files, record audio, change your theme, and share your location.


Email Providers

End-to-End Encrypted

Proton Mail


ProtonMail is a Swiss-based email service with no advertising and maximum possible privacy for its users, funded entirely by donations and subscriptions. The basic account is free, with paid-for accounts that have more features and storage.

Encrypted Custom Domains 500MB Storage



Tutanota is an encrypted email and calendar service based in Germany, with no advertising and the emphasis on privacy. The basic account is free, with paid-for accounts that have more features and storage. They also have their own apps for Android and iPhone.

Encrypted Custom Domains 2GB Storage



StartMail is a privacy focused email service based in The Netherlands from the same minds that brought you

Encrypted Custom Domains 10GB Storage


Run by a German family business, offers email, online file storage and online office features such as calendars. There’s a one month free trial.

Encrypted Custom Domains 1GB Storage




Fastmail is an Australian company that offers private email funded entirely by its users, with no advertising or tracking. There’s a free trial, after which accounts cost various different prices for different features and amounts of storage space.

Custom Domains 2GB Storage



Hey is an email client from the people behind Basecamp. Hey offers a unique way to manage incoming emails and prioritize how you answer them. It blocks third party trackers, is ad free, and your email is encrypted at rest. Hey offers custom domains for an additional fee.

Encrypted Custom Domains 100GB Storage



Soverin is based in the Netherlands and offers privacy-oriented email including custom domain name and optional web page too.

Encrypted Custom Domains 25GB Storage

Email Aliases



SimpleLogin allows you to creast email aliases utilizing a different identity for each website. Defend against spams, phishing and data breaches. This project is open-source and can be self-hosted.

Encrypted Custom Domains



AnonAddy is an open-source Anonymous Email Forwarding service allowing users to create unlimited email aliases for free. This can be self-hosted.

Encrypted Custom Domains


Proton VPN


Unlike other VPN services, ProtonVPN is designed with security as the main focus, drawing upon the lessons we have learned from working with journalists and activists in the field.



60 € / year

Mullvad's service helps keep users' online activity, identity, and location private. Mullvad circumvents censorship and thwarts eavesdropping from Wi-Fi hackers to local-government mass surveillance. They keep no activity logs and require no personal information.



$60 / year

IVPN is a leading VPN provider based in Gibaltar and featuring 77 servers in 31 countries. They offer a 3-day free trial and offer both mobile and desktop clients.



$60 / year

Privacy-minded VPN service providing different secure, modern and robust tunnels such as WireGuard and OpenVPN, along with SOCKS5 proxies, DNS servers and IPv6 connectivity in carefully chosen locations.


Password Managers



So easy to use, cross-platform (Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS, Android) application. The web app and browser plugin are fantastic and the password generator is incredibly helpful.




KeePassXC is a community fork of KeePassX, a native cross-platform port of KeePass Password Safe, with the goal to extend and improve it with new features and bugfixes to provide a feature-rich, fully cross-platform and modern open-source password manager.


Two-Factor Authentication

Raivo OTP

A native, lightweight and secure time-based (TOTP) & counter-based (HOTP) password client built for iOS


Aegis Authenticator

Aegis Authenticator is a free, secure and open source app for Android to manage your 2-step verification tokens for your online services.



andOTP is an open source two-factor authentication App for Android 4.4+.


Cloud Storage



This is the top option for those more interested in self-hosting their cloud files. While some services do offer NextCloud as a subscription, I highly recommended going the self-hosted route with this.


Proton Drive


Proton Drive is an E2EE cloud-based file storage service by the popular email and VPN provider Proton. During the beta period, Proton Drive is only available via the web.


$24 / yr or self-host

EteSync is a secure, end-to-end encrypted, and privacy-respecting personal information (e.g. contacts and calendar) cloud synchronization and backup for Android, iOS, the web and any other OS (using a CalDAV/CardDAV bridge).


File Sharing

Tresorit Send

Tresorit Send brings secure file sharing to your fingertips, offering a secure alternative to unreliable file transfer sites and email attachments.


Bitwarden Send


From the makers of Bitwarden, the highly respected password manager, Bitwarden Send is a secure text and file sharing tool. Bitwarden Send supports file sharing of up to 100MBs each and is available in all Bitwarden clients.


Onion Share

File sharing using the Tor network. The best way to share files that require the utmost protection and security.


Notes & Office

Standard Notes

Standard Notes is a simple and private notes app that makes your notes easy and available everywhere you are. Features end-to-end encryption on every platform, and a powerful desktop experience with themes and custom editors.


Etesync Notes

$24 / yr or self-host

EteSync Notes is a secure, end-to-end encrypted, and privacy-respecting note taking app built within the EteSync storage service.



Joplin is a free, open source, fully featured note taking and to-do application, which can handle a large number of markdown notes organised into notebooks and tags. It offers E2EE encryption and can sync through Nextcloud, Dropbox and more. It also offers easy import from Evernote and plain text notes.



Turtl lets you take notes, bookmark websites, and store documents for sensitive projects. From sharing passwords with your coworkers to tracking research on an article you're writing, Turtl keeps it all safe from everyone but you and those you share with.



CryptPad offers secure, collaborative document sharing and storage. Editing text documents, spreadsheets, and presentations are a snap.


Mobile Add-Ons



AdGuard for iOS is a free and open-source content-blocking extension for Safari.




Jumbo is a mobile app that helps you delete your social media and voice assistant activity, adjust your privacy setting for Facebook, Google, and more.




Tracking protection for your desktop or mobile browser. iOS includes SmartVPN features to encrypt all HTTP and DNS connections.




If you want to efficiently blocks ads, trackers and malwares, if want to save your data plan, make your device faster and protect your privacy with one application, Blokada is for you. It is free, secure and open source.